effects of fossil fuels on the environment

“Fossil Fuels Explained”. Fossil fuels are non-renewable energy source since their supply is fixed. When these fuels are burnt to generate energy, they emit carbon, which bonds with oxygen to make carbon dioxide. Even today, there are vestiges of crude oil which remain in some locations (History, 2018). It is mainly used by the industrial sector to generate heat for production and the energy sector to create electricity. “The Problem With Plastics” The Ocean Conservancy, World Metrological Organization. You are probably familiar with ‘weather,’ which refers to short-term changes in atmospheric conditions. But there is one issue – rather, a grand issue, that presents many other significant and far-reaching issues: environmental degradation. When energy from the Sun reaches the earth, some of it is absorbed and re-radiated by greenhouse gases. This in turn leads to climate change, affecting the pattern of the weather in the short run and changing climate patterns entirely in the long run. According to a 2015 study published in the journal Science Advances, billions of local or regional animal populations, including both rare and common species, have been lost over the past decades. Climate is not fixed; it can, and does change over time. Fossil fuels are natural non-renewable resources formed by a natural process of the decomposition of plants and other organisms, buried beneath layers of sediment and rock, and have taken a long time (quantified in terms of millions of years) to become carbon-rich deposits (Nunez, 2019). Additionally, fossil fuels  affect marine wildlife and the ecosystem by contaminating the water, ultimately affecting the people and animals dependent on the marine ecosystem. One thing that will remain true about human nature is the quest for development; and in this quest, as is seen through the ages, man will utilize as much as possible, all resources, natural and non-natural, physical and abstract, lasting and ephemeral. One prominent way which countries of the world still find difficulties in addressing is oil spills. The natural gas is then sent to distribution companies through pipelines. It is also important to note that these sources provide about 80% of energy needs. This is because the support structures that hold up the mine tunnels are removed once the mine is no longer active. There was the Torrey Canyon, the Deepwater horizon and many more spills which have left our oceans vulnerable. Therefore, in a bid to facilitate the extraction and utilization of fossil fuels, clearing land only serves to facilitate the advent of the effects of such situations as climate change. Still using fossil fuels and releasing carbon dioxide in … In order for this to work, the water has to flow with enough volume and speed. The National Geographic, https://www.nationalgeographic.com/environment/energy/reference/fossil-fuels/, Ocean Conservancy. Denchak, M. (2019). Burning fossil energy sources not only brings benefits in the form of producing energy, but also... 2. In addition, extraction activities can also facilitate the entry of invasive species into an ecosystem, displacing existing species. Hydropower plants may also be built next to rivers, and generate electricity by capturing the kinetic energy of the running water. The disturbed topsoil may also be washed off by rainfall into nearby streams. For instance, roads and other infrastructure to the extraction sites have to be built, which can disturb natural habitats, affecting animals and plant life. Bituminous coal has 45% to 86% carbon content. Nitrogen oxide (NOx) and Sulfur dioxide (SO2) gas emissions to the air can react with water vapor in the... 3. But our continued reliance on these fuels has serious ecological consequences, and may even eventually lead to the end of human life as we know it. In addition, the world’s energy needs continue to grow substantially. You have entered an incorrect email address! (2019). Biomass power plants share some similarities with fossil fuel power plants: … It may take years before your energy savings are enough to offset the initial installation costs. The Department of Petroleum Resources estimated 1.89 million barrels of petroleum were spilled into the Niger Delta between 1976 and 1996 out of a total of 2.4 million barrels spilled in 4,835 incidents (The Daily Independent, Lagos, 2010). It commits the major emitting countries to reduce pollution that causes climate change and to intensify these commitments over time. One particular set of resources in light of this is fossil fuels; particularly useful in the production of energy. Electricity is generated from wind using wind turbines. Usually, in the processing of setting up drilling facilities for extraction of oil, a substantial amount of land is cleared first; depending on the area, this may disrupt ecosystems, and affect the soil upon which the drill is inserted. Denchak, M. (2018). Please help me find refereence as my numbers need validation. This is because arrays of PV cells can provide enough energy to meet their needs. In addition, not every area is suitable for solar panel installation. While underground coal mining is seen to have fewer negative effects, the land above the mine can collapse. It is mainly used in the metals industry. (2018). Major examples of fossil fuels are coal, crude oil, and natural gas, all considered as such because they were formed from the fossilized, buried remains of plants and animals. The process releases toxic chemicals into the air such as benzene, xylene and toluene, as well as sulfur dioxide, carbon monoxide and hydrogen sulfide. The main cause of global warming is the release of greenhouse gases, such as carbon dioxide and methane, into the atmosphere. This has been the trend as far back as 4000 BC in China, where fossil fuel production and consumption began with coal – where carving took place out of black lignite (one of the several forms of coal) (Roser, 2019). Subsequently, upon discovery of oil in Pennsylvania in 1859 and the Spindletop discovery in Texas in 1901, there was a shift in dynamics, and oil became a prominent fossil fuel (not indicating that others are not still prominently used today). NVM Error: nvm is not compatible with the npm config “prefix” option, Popularity of Bitcoin Online Casinos – 2020 Guide. Carbon fuels such as wood, coal, petroleum release unburnt carbon particles in the environment. Fossil fuels, maybe more ostensibly, affect the atmosphere the most, given the nature of the chemicals which they are made of. The gaming industry is one of the biggest in the world. As their habitats grow hotter, many animals and ocean species are moving to higher altitudes or cooler climates. Also known as petroleum, crude oil is a liquid fuel made mostly out of hydrocarbons. The US is the largest petroleum-consuming country as of 2016, accounting for 20% of total world oil consumption, followed by China at 13 percent. The mining of fossil fuels is known to cause health issues such as …

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