mount olympus, greece

For this Olympus' alpine region, recordings have been made in the 1960s in the highest-altitude weather station in Greece, that was established on the summit of Aghios Antonios (2,815 m), providing a number of interesting data for the mountain's climate. [17] It was founded in 1055 by the monks Damianos and Joakim and since 2001 it has been restored and operates as a convent. Parking in places other than the specific parking lots. In summer rainfalls are frequent, commonly as evening thunderstorms, many times accompanied by hail and strong winds. The highest peak, Mytikas meaning “nose”, rises to 2,917 metres (9,570 ft). Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. In this zone there is also hybrid fir in small groups and scrubs or small clumps, particularly in the lower region and in the sites Naoumi (west) and Stalamatia and Polykastro (east), where it is mixed with black pine and Bosnian pine. [25], An important book about the plants and flowers, from the beach of the Aegean Sea up to the upper regions of Mount Olympus, was written in 1980 by the Swedish botanist Arne Strid.[26]. Achillea ambrosiaca, Alyssum handelii, Asprerula muscosa, Aubrieta thessala, Campanula oreadum, Carum adamovicii, Centaurea incompleta, Centaurea litochorea, Centaurea transiens, Cerastrium theophrasti, Coincla nivalis, Erysimum olympicum, Festuca olympica, Genista sakellariadis, Jankaea heldreichii, Ligusticum olympicum, Melampyrus ciliatum, Ophrys helenae (Ophrys sphegodes subsp. It was abandoned in 1932, but in 2000 it was completely renovated and reopened as a male monastery, affiliated to Elassona's diocese.[18]. It can accommodate 60 persons, it provides an equipped kitchen, electricity, water and a fireplace and it is open all year round. THE WORLD PREMIERE "Mt Olympus the Creation" is scheduled for JUNE 24TH 2016 at the Ancient … [19] In the modern era, a series of explorers tried to study the mountain and to reach its summit. Hunting any animal by any means throughout the year. Updates? Mount Olympus is snowcapped and often has cloud cover. Map for an overview:[30] More detailed map of the Olympos region:[8], The official list of the refuges at Mount Olympus is maintained by the Olympus National Park Management Agency. Mount Olympus sits on the border of the regions of Thessaly and Macedonia. Richter tried to reach the summit in 1911 but was abducted by klephts, who also killed the Ottoman gendarmes that accompanied him. In the Olympus region, there are also several Christian monuments, among them the highest-altitude chapel of Orthodox Christianity, dedicated to Prophet Elias, in Greek tradition associated with mountaintops, on the summit of the same name (Προφήτης Ηλίας Profitis Ilias), at 2,803 m. There is frequent service by KTEL buses and a taxi stand is in Litochoro's central square. Collection and destruction of nests, eggs or chicks and general disturbance and destruction of fauna species. It is part of the Olympus massif near the Gulf of Thérmai (Modern Greek: Thermaïkós) of the Aegean Sea and lies astride the border between Macedonia (Makedonía) and Thessaly (Thessalía). [5] The highest peak, Mytikas (Μύτικας Mýtikas), meaning "nose", rises to 2,917 metres (9,570 ft). Jankaea heldreichii, a plant relict of the Ice age, is of particular interest to botanists. The vegetation growing there is adapted to specific local conditions and represented by typical shrubs, graminaceous, chasmophytes etc., while the flora includes many endemic species of the Balkans. It is estimated that 10,000 people climb Mount Olympus each year, most of them reaching only the Skolio summit. There have also been detected 108 species of birds (like sparrowhawk, cinereous vulture, rock partridge, white stork, rock dove, European robin, lanner falcon, peregrine falcon, tree falcon, golden eagle, short-toed snake eagle, booted eagle and hoopoe). It is Greece's highest peak. For the Martian inactive volcano, see, Forest zone of beech, fir and mountain coniferous, Treeless high mountain zone (Alpine tundra). The name Olympus was used for several other mountains as well as hills, villages, and mythical personages in Greece and Asia Minor. Further south, Skolio (40°04′58″N 22°21′26″E / 40.0829°N 22.3571°E / 40.0829; 22.3571 second highest sub-peak – 2,911 metres (9,551 ft)) completes an arc of about 200 degrees, with its steep slopes forming on the west side, like a wall, an impressive precipitous amphitheatrical cavity, 700 metres (2,300 ft) in depth and 1,000 metres (3,300 ft) in circumference, the 'Megala Kazania'. On its southeastern side, the Ziliana gorge divides Mount Olympus from Kato Olympos (Lower Olympus), while on its southwestern foothills, there are the villages Sykaminea and Karya. In Olympus there are generally four sequent flora zones, but not clearly separated: In the altitude between 300 and 500 metres occurs the evergreen broadleaf trees' zone (maquis). Mytikas, Olympus' highest peak at 2917 meters was reached in 1913 by Christos Kakalos of nearby Litohoro and Swiss climbers Frederic Boissonas and Daniel Baud-Bovy. At a height of 2,918m above sea level, it towers over Northern Greece, and can be seen as far away as Thessaloniki. From his exalted position atop. Omissions? Another feature of this zone is that over 2,500 metres the trees appear in a crawling form. The history of the surrounding area is consequently of interest in the context of the Rise of Macedon, the Chremonidean War and the Macedonian Wars during the 4th to 2nd centuries BC. Most distinguishable of the ravines are those of Mavrologos-Enipeas (14 km) and Mavratzas-Sparmos (13 km) near Bara and 'cut' the massif in two oval portions. Aghios Antonios emergency refuge on the summit Aghios Antonios (2,817 m) is equipped with emergency items by the Hellenic Rescue Team. With Athina Krikeli, Ioannis Stratakis, David Washington. The evergreen broadleaf trees' zone is gradually replaced by ecosystems of European black pine, that forms compact clusters, with no intermediate zone of deciduous oaks, although trees of these species occur sporadically within clusters of black pine. Entrance to children under 14 years unescorted. Olympus has many peaks and an almost circular shape. Οn the north side, between Stefani and Profitis Ilias, extends the Muses' Plateau, at 2,550 metres (8,370 ft), while further south, almost in the center of the massif, extends the alpine tundra region of Bara, at an altitude of 2,350 metres (7,710 ft). Stavros ("Dimitrios Bountolas") is on the eastern side of Olympus, 9.5 km on asphalt road away from Litochoro, at 930 metres (3,050 ft) altitude, in the Dionysios Monastery forest. Generally Olympus' northeast side is densely forested, as it receives the most rainfall, while the southwest one has significantly sparser vegetation. Every year, thousands of visitors admire its fauna and flora, tour its slopes, and climb its peaks. In Homeric Greek (Odyssey 6.42), the variant Οὔλυμπος Oulumpos occurs, conceived of as the seat of the gods (and not identified with any specific peak). Then, on the right is Stefani (or Thronos Dios [Throne of Zeus – 2,902 metres (9,521 ft)]), which presents the most impressive and steep peak of Olympus, with its last sharply rising 200 meters presenting the greatest challenge for climbers.

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