prosopis juliflora common name
Acacia cumanensis Willd., Acacia juliflora (Sw.) Willd., Acacia salinarum (Vahl) DC.,Algarobia juliflora (Sw.) Heynh., Algarobia juliflora as defined by George Bentham refers only to the typical variety, Prosopis juliflora var. VELVET MESQUITE, ARIZONA MESQUITE. Other similar names are also used, including bayahonde, bayahonda and bayarone, but these may also refer to any other Neotropical member of the genus Prosopis. Common Uses: Flooring, firewood, turned objects, cabinetry, and furniture. , In Sri Lanka this mesquite was planted in the 1950s near Hambantota as a shade and erosion control tree. Prosopis juliflora mesquite This plant and the related entity italicized and indented above can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Prosopis juliflora Taxonomy ID: 13230 (for references in articles please use NCBI:txid13230) current name It is hardy to zone (UK) 8. , The species' uses also include forage, wood and environmental management. Algarobia juliflora (Sw.) Benth. The tree is known by a range of other names in various parts of the world, including alga… The species has variable thorniness, with nearly thornless individuals appearing occasionally. Mesquite (Prosopis juliflora) is regarded as an environmental weed in Queensland and Western Australia, and as a potential environmental weed or "sleeper weed" in many other parts of Australia. Prosopis species Prosopis juliflora Name Synonyms Acacia cumanensis Willd. It is called bayahonda blanca in Spanish, bayarone Français in French, and bayawonn in Creole. The regional government with the non-governmental organisation FARM-Africa are looking for ways to commercialize the tree's wood, but pastoralists who call it the "Devil Tree" insist that P. juliflora be eradicated. Introduced in the 1940's, Prosopis juliflora (Sw) dc has proved to be a promising species for the driest zones of the Northeast's Semi-Arid Region, being one of the rare species which occur spontaneously in arid-tropical zones with annual rainfall below 100 mm. Prosopis juliflora has become an invasive weed in several countries where it was introduced. The mesquites ( Prosopis spp.)  Many of the less-specific names are because over large parts of its range, it is the most familiar and common species of Prosopis, and thus to locals simply "the" bayahonde, algarrobe, etc. Desmanthus salinarum (Vahl) Steud. Mohan (1884, in Raizada and Chatterji, 1954) refers to 'cashaw', the common name for P. juliflora used only in Jamaica, and suggests that this may have been the origin of this introduction of Prosopis to India. In the Wayuu language, spoken on the La Guajira Peninsula in northern Colombia and Venezuela, it is called trupillo or turpío. Prosopis juliflora (Sw.) DC. It also provides shelter for feral animals such as pigs and cats. How Prosopis Juliflora is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. Rounded, Spreading or Vase Shape. Prosopis juliflora is a thorny evergreen tree with a large, flat-topped crown and open canopy; it can grow from 5 - 10 metres tall. With its thorns and many low branches it forms impenetrable thickets which prevent cattle from accessing watering holes, etc. FYI: I receive a commission on sales generated through links to Amazon, eBay, etc. The tree is known by a range of other names in various parts of the world, including algarrobe, cambrón, cashaw, épinard, mesquite, mostrenco, or mathenge. A very generic term that has been applied to this species is simply “mesquite”—though in the United States, the term usually refers to Honey Mesquite. Prosopis juliflora (Spanish: bayahonda blanca, Cuji [Venezuela], Aippia [Wayuunaiki] and long-thorn kiawe in Hawaii) is a shrub or small tree in the family Fabaceae, a kind of mesquite. The short, crooked bole can be up to 45cm in diameter[ 303 Scientific Name: Prosopis juliflora. Synonyms. It is also a major weed in the southwestern United States. of thousands of seeds. Has Deciduous foliage. Common Name(s): Prosopis juliflora, Mesquite. Prosopis laevigata smooth mesquite Prosopis nigra algarrobo negro Prosopis pallida ... can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Mimosa juliflora Sw. Neltuma juliflora (Sw.) Raf. (This is a monthly update, and your email will be kept private.). It is considered a noxious invader in Ethiopia, Hawaii, Sri Lanka, Jamaica, Kenya, the Middle East, India, Nigeria, Sudan, Somalia, Senegal, South Africa, Namibia and Botswana. , In Australia, mesquite has colonized more than 800,000 hectares of arable land, having severe economic and environmental impacts. Common Name: Mesquite Family: Fabaceae Juss.  This mesquite Prosopis juliflora native to Central and South America, is also known as katu andara. In Andhra Pradesh and Telangana, in the Telugu language it is known as mulla tumma (ముల్ల తుమ్మ),sarkar tumma,"chilla chettu","Japan Tumma Chettu","Seema Jaali", or "Kampa Chettu. , In the Afar Region in Ethiopia, where the mesquite was introduced in the late 1970s and early 1980s, its aggressive growth leads to a monoculture, denying native plants water and sunlight, and not providing food for native animals and cattle. The tree is believed to have existed in the Vanni and Mannar regions for a long time. Growth Rate: 24 … Color/Appearance: Heartwood tends to be a yellowish brown to dark brown, which darkens with age. See the articles Wood Allergies and Toxicity and Wood Dust Safety for more information. Acacia juliflora (Sw.) Willd. Grain/Texture: Prosopis juliflora has a medium to coarse texture and a slight natural luster. In Gujarati it is called gando baval (ગાંડો બાવળ) and in Marwari, baavlia.In Kannada it is known as Ballaari Jaali meaning "Jaali", local name, abundant in and around Bellary district. Another Tamil name is velikathan (வேலிகாத்தான்), from veli (வேலி) "fence" and kathan (காத்தான்) "protector", for its use to make spiny barriers. It then invaded the grasslands in and around Hambantota and the Bundala National Park, causing similar problems as in Australia and Ethiopia. Distribution: Mexico, Central and South America. It is hard and expensive to remove as the plant can regenerate from the roots. Allergies/Toxicity: Woods in the Prosopis genus have been reported to cause skin irritation. Glues, turns, and finishes well. Width: 30 feet. Prices for Prosopis juliflora are in the mid range for an imported tropical hardwood. It is native to Mexico, South America and the Caribbean. The tree reproduces solely by way of seeds, not vegetatively. Subordinate taxa: Prosopis juliflora (Sw.) ... As with all trees, transplants from nurseries is common practice. are also one of the 20 Weeds of National Significance (WoNS) in Australia. Identifying and Using Hundreds of Woods Worldwide, POSTER: Worldwide Woods: Ranked by Hardness. Scientific name. It can fix Nitrogen. The tree is said to have been introduced to Sri Lanka in the 19th century, where it is now known as vanni-andara, or katu andara in Sinhala. The plant possesses an unusual amount of the flavanol (-)-mesquitol in its heartwood. velutina Prosopis chilensis var. A vernacular. Names of Prosopis Juliflora in various languages of the world are also given. Names in and around Indian Subcontinent, where the species is widely used for firewood and to make barriers, often compare it to similar trees and note its introduced status; thus in Hindi it is called angaraji babul, Kabuli kikar, vilayati babul, vilayati khejra or vilayati kikar. torreyana L. Benson  NRCS PLANT CODE : PRGL2 PRGLG PRGLP PRGLT COMMON NAMES: honey mesquite western honey mesquite TAXONOMY: The currently accepted scientific name of honey mesquite is Prosopis glandulosa (Fabaceae) [50,181]. The angaraji and vilayati names mean they were introduced by Europeans, while Kabuli kikar (or keekar) means "Kabul acacia"; babul specifically refers to Acacia nilotica and khejra (or khejri) to Prosopis cineraria, both of which are native to South Asia.