why is there a consumer society

As argued by a number of scholars, this has led to the emergence of a ‘moral vacuum’ in China calling for new spiritual resources in people’s everyday living (Bell, 2008; Fan, 2010). { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_btmslot' }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654157' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '194852', size: [300, 250] }}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_btmslot' }}]}]; googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_ptl", "entry-lcp"); As we shall see later, this sense of association is important to the valuation of rare books and the pursuit of book collecting. Geir Sigurðsson, in The Changing Landscape of China’s Consumerism, 2014. "authorizationFallbackResponse": { { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '555365', size: [300, 250] }}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_btmslot_300x250' }}, For many centuries books have been collected by institutions such as monasteries and libraries, which have assembled collections not only as a source of learning but also as a source of power and prestige by becoming an attraction and destination for scholars, intelligentsia, and the wealthy. The reasons for this resurgence are complex and can only be briefly addressed in this chapter. Many of the activities of everyday life are dominated by the consumption of goods and experiences in a variety of sites such as malls, city centers, department stores, theme parks, tourist resorts, heritage centers which offer a range of simulations, spectacular spaces, and sign play. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654174' }}, Crawford (2006, p. 6) suggests that in the 1960s Aslib noted that the purpose of libraries was to satisfy their readers, but observed that very little had been done to find out how satisfied readers really were, and it is the growth of the aforementioned consumer movement in the 1970s which encouraged the users of goods and services to view them much more critically and question the quality that they were receiving. var pbDesktopSlots = [ 'increment': 1, {code: 'ad_rightslot2', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_rightslot2', adUnitPath: '/2863368/rightslot2' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [120, 600], [160, 600]] } }, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '555365', size: [160, 600] }}, Over time, addiction and compulsive aspects can begin to pervade the collecting process, and many collections are seen as becoming an addictive activity in which adding items is likened to a “fix.” Most important, any positive recognition of the collection by others reinforces the value of the activity in the collector's mind: Recognition confirms that the collector's activities are now valuable and purposeful. 'max': 3, Some day, this will collapse. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [300, 600] }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446381' }}, enableSendAllBids: false, var mapping_topslot_b = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([746, 0], [[728, 90]]).addSize([0, 0], []).build(); Certainly advertising, cultural markets, and lifestyle expenditure in the ongoing consumer revolution refiguring the region are naturalizing heterosexual gender norms around anatomical sexual difference and the capacity to consume and produce what is appropriate to one's ‘nature.’ Increasingly feminist critique has taken up the problems endemic in consumer society as well as extending its traditional concern for poverty, anti-sexism, and freedom from reproductive tyranny and disease. The perspective presented in this chapter is likely to be regarded as bleak and extreme. { bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776160', position: 'atf' }},

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